America's War on Drugs: THE HOUSE I LIVE IN :: Director's Statement
THE HOUSE I LIVE IN: Over the past 40 years, the War on Drugs has cost more than $1 trillion and accounted for over 45 million arrests.
The U.S. holds 25% of the world’s prisoners, yet accounts for only 5% of the world’s population.
Black individuals comprise 13% of the U.S. population and 14% of drug users, yet they are 37% of the people arrested for drug offenses and 56% of those incarcerated for drug crimes.
As America remains embroiled in conflict overseas, a less visible war is taking place at home, costing countless lives, destroying families, and inflicting untold damage upon future generations of Americans. In forty years, the War on Drugs has accounted for more than 45 million arrests, made America the world's largest jailer, and damaged poor communities at home and abroad. Yet for all that, drugs are cheaper, purer, and more available today than ever before.
Filmed in more than twenty states, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN captures heart-wrenching stories from individuals at all levels of America’s War on Drugs. From the dealer to the grieving mother, the narcotics officer to the senator, the inmate to the federal judge, the film offers a penetrating look inside America’s longest war—a definitive portrait revealing its profound human rights implications.
The film recognizes the seriousness of drug abuse as a matter of public health, and investigates the tragic errors and shortcomings that have meant this symptom is most often treated as a cause for law enforcement, creating a vast machine that largely feeds on America’s poor, and especially on minority communities. Beyond simple misguided policy, the film examines how political and economic corruption have fueled the war for 40 years, despite persistent evidence of its moral, economic, and practical failures.
CHARLOTTE STREET FILMS presents an EDGEWOOD WAY production a BBC/ITVS/ZDF co-production "THE HOUSE I LIVE IN" directors of photography SAM CULLMAN DEREK HALLQUIST editor PAUL FROST music ROBERT MILLER executive producers DAVID ALCARO JOSLYN BARNES SALLY JO FIFER NICK FRASER DANNY GLOVER JOHN LEGEND BRAD PITT RUSSELL SIMMONS producers EUGENE JARECKI MELINDA SHOPSIN written & directed by EUGENE JARECKI.
I have been thinking about making this film for over 20 years. I first met Nannie Jeter, a prominent character in the film, when I was just a few days old coming home from the hospital. From that day on, she became a second mother to me, and her children and grandchildren a second family. I am white and Nannie and her family are black, and growing up in the wake of the civil rights movement, I think I imagined we were all living in a post-racial America—a place of greater equality and justice. Yet, as we grew older, our paths diverged; where I found privilege and opportunity, Nannie’s family found a new kind of struggle that re-emerged with a vengeance for black Americans in the post-civil rights era.
When I asked Nannie what had happened, she felt that it was chiefly the rise of drugs in America that had ravaged the lives of people in her family. But the more I talked to experts, the more I heard the same thing: whatever damage drugs do to people has been made far worse by the laws America has enacted to stop them. Suddenly, the so-called “War on Drugs” began rising into view as something I had to investigate and better understand. I wanted to know what it was that had most fundamentally hurt people I love.
With this in mind, I began interviewing people across the country whose families had been pulled into a vicious cycle of drugs and the criminal justice system. Alongside dealers, users, and their family members, I spoke to police, wardens, judges, medical experts, and others to begin to understand how it was that America came to launch a war against its own people.
I interviewed experts who broadened my understanding of the subject in ways I wanted to share with others. I learned that drug abuse is ultimately a matter of public health that has instead been treated as an opportunity for law enforcement and an expanding criminal justice system. I spoke with scientists desperate for a drug policy based on data rather than rhetoric. I saw how this misguided approach has helped make America the world’s largest jailer, imprisoning its citizens at a higher rate per capita than any other nation on earth, and how the drug war has become America’s longest war, now entering its 40th year and costing more than a trillion dollars to date.
For people to understand the scale and urgency of this crisis, I felt that facts, figures, and expert testimony weren’t enough, so I sought out individuals whose lives were directly and deeply shaped by the War on Drugs, hoping their stories would reveal some of the everyday tragedies left in its wake. Ultimately, with my beloved Nannie Jeter as inspiration, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN grew into a larger examination of race, class, and capitalism in America—of a tragically misguided system that preys upon the least fortunate among us to sustain itself.
—Eugene Jarecki, Director
WAR ON DRUGS STATISTICS
• Over the past 40 years, the War on Drugs has cost more than $1 trillion and accounted for more than 45 million arrests.
• Today, there are more people behind bars for nonviolent drug offenses than were incarcerated for all crimes, violent or otherwise, in 1970.
• In 2009 nearly 1.7 million people were arrested in the U.S. for nonviolent drug charges.
• Between 1973 and 2009, the nation’s prison population grew by 705 percent, resulting in more than 1 in 100 adults behind bars today.
• To return to the nation’s incarceration rates of 1970, America would have to release 4 out of every 5 currently held prisoners.
• The U.S. accounts for 5% of the world’s population and 25% of its prison population.
• 1 in every 8 state employees works for a corrections agency.
• It costs an average of $78.95 per day to keep an inmate locked up, more than 20 times the cost of a day on probation.
• In a 2010 survey, 8.9% of Americans over the age of 12 had used illicit drugs in the past month.
• Of the 1,841,182 arrests for drug law violations in 2007, 82.5% were for possession and only 17.5% were for the sale or manufacture of a drug.
• Marijuana arrests make up more than half of all the drug arrests in the U.S., and nearly 90% of those are charges for possession only.
• African-Americans make up roughly 13% of the US population and 14% of its drug users. Yet, they represent 56% of those incarcerated for drug crimes.
• Since 1986, though crack and powder cocaine are chemically the same, there has been a 100 to 1 disparity in the sentencing of crack cocaine vs. powder cocaine offenses. This has accounted for a vast disproportion of crack users going to prison over the past 25 years. In 2010, after decades of protest from judges and activists, this disparity was reduced to 18 to 1.
SUBJECTS IN THE FILM
Michelle Alexander is a civil rights litigator and author of The New Jim Crow.
Shanequa Benitez lives in Cromwell Towers, a housing project in Yonkers, New York.
The Honorable Mark Bennett is a U.S. District Court Judge in Sioux City, Iowa.
Charles Bowden is a journalist covering drug war violence on the U.S.-Mexico border.
Mike Carpenter is Chief of Security at Lexington Corrections Center in Lexington, Oklahoma.
Larry Cearly is the Marshall of Magdalena, New Mexico.
Eric Franklin is Warden of Lexington Corrections Center in Lexington, Oklahoma.
Maurice Haltiwanger is currently serving 20 years for crack cocaine distribution.
Dr. Carl Hart is a tenured Professor of Clinical Neuroscience at Columbia University.
Nannie Jeter lives in New Haven, Connecticut, where she first met the film’s director when he was a child.
Anthony Johnson is a former small-time drug dealer from Yonkers, New York.
Gabor Maté is a Hungarian-born physician specializing in the treatment of addiction.
Mark Mauer is director of the Sentencing Project and one of the country’s leading criminal justice experts.
Richard Lawrence Miller is an American historian and expert on the history of drug laws.
Charles Ogletree is the Jesse Climenko Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and a former academic advisor to Barack and Michelle Obama.
Kevin Ott is currently serving life without parole on drug charges at the Lexington Correctional Center in Lexington, Oklahoma.
Susan Randall has worked as a private investigator in Vermont for over a decade.
David Simon is creator of the acclaimed HBO series The Wire.
Julie Stewart is president and founder of Families Against Mandatory Minimums, a national organization working to change mandatory sentencing laws.
Dennis Whidbee is a former drug dealer and the father of Anthony Johnson.